Cookies are small text strings that the sites visited by the user send to his terminal (usually the browser), where they are stored before being re-transmitted to the same sites at the next visit of the same user. During the navigation on a site, the user can also receive cookies on their terminal that are sent from different websites or web servers (so-called "third parties"), on which some elements may exist (such as, for example, images, maps, sounds, specific links to pages of other domains) on the site that the same is visiting.
Cookies, usually present in users' browsers in very large numbers and sometimes even with long temporal persistence, are used for different purposes: execution of computer authentication, monitoring of sessions, storage of information on specific configurations concerning users accessing the server, etc.
In order to arrive at a correct regulation of such devices, it is necessary to distinguish them since there are no technical characteristics that differentiate them from one another precisely on the basis of the aims pursued by those who use them. In this regard, two macro-categories are identified: "technical" cookies and "profiling" cookies.
Technical cookies are those used for the sole purpose of "transmitting a communication over an electronic communications network, or to the extent strictly necessary for the provider of an information society service explicitly requested by the subscriber or user to provide this service "(see Article 122, paragraph 1, of the Code) They are not used for other purposes and are normally installed directly by the owner or operator of the website. They can be divided into navigation or session cookies, which guarantee the normal navigation and use of the website (allowing, for example, to make a purchase or authenticate to access restricted areas); analytics cookies, similar to technical cookies when used directly by the site operator to collect information, in aggregate form, on the number of users and how they visit the site; functional cookies, which allow the user to browse according to a series of selected criteria (for example, the language, the products selected for purchase) in order to improve the service provided. For the installation of these cookies, the prior consent of users is not required, while the obligation to provide information pursuant to art. 13 of the Code, that the site manager, if he uses only such devices, will be able to provide in the manner he deems most suitable.
Profiling cookies are designed to create profiles related to the user and are used in order to send advertising messages in line with the preferences expressed by the same in the context of surfing the net. Because of the particular invasiveness that such devices can have in the private sphere of users, European and Italian legislation requires that the user must be adequately informed about their use and express their valid consent. The art. 122 of the Code whereby "the storage of information in the terminal device of a contractor or a user or access to information already filed is permitted only on condition that the contractor or the user has given his consent after being was informed with the simplified procedures referred to in Article 13, paragraph 3 "(Article 122, paragraph 1, of the Code).
Cookies stored in the temporary memory of the device, normally expire with session, are no longer present the next time the browser is opened, if necessary they will be temporarily discharged. More easily it is technical cookies.
Cookies stored on the physical supports of the device, you can find them the next time the browser is opened. The easiest of these are profiling cookies.
Cookies can still be deleted with specific procedures in each browser.
A further element to consider, for the purposes of the correct definition of the matter under consideration, is the subjective one. It is necessary, that is, to take into account the different subject that installs cookies on the user's terminal, depending on whether it is the same operator of the site that the user is visiting (which can be briefly referred to as "publisher") or a site different than installing cookies through the first ("third party").
Publisher's cookies are generally created and readable by the site that created them.
The third-party cookies are created and readable by domains external to the site and the data are stored at the third party.
|Cookie - 1||Value|
|Type of Cookie||Technical cookies|
|Cookie Detail||Browsing / Session Cookies|
|Purpose Cookie||Navigation session|
|Deadline||At the end of the session|
Please refer to the privacy guarantor's website for a more detailed information:Go to the garanteprivacy link